2017关于人类身体的11项重大科学发现

产品中心 | 2021-01-17
本文摘要:1. Hundreds of genes spring to life after you die - and they keep functioning for up to four days. Together with an unexplained case in March that recorded brain activity in a corpse up to 10 minutes after death, were starting to realise that death as we know it still retains some strange signs of life.在你人死之后,数以千计的遗传基因不容易突然活跃性一起,并且还不容易以后主题活动长达四天。

1. Hundreds of genes spring to life after you die - and they keep functioning for up to four days. Together with an unexplained case in March that recorded brain activity in a corpse up to 10 minutes after death, were starting to realise that death as we know it still retains some strange signs of life.在你人死之后,数以千计的遗传基因不容易突然活跃性一起,并且还不容易以后主题活动长达四天。3月份的一个案例强调,在人死之后,遗体的大脑还不容易主题活动长达十分钟,连着这一匪夷所思的案例,大家刚开始意识到大家所了解的丧命依然保存一些古怪的性命征兆。2. Livers grow by almost half during waking hours. New research suggests that livers have the capacity to grow by almost 50 percent during the day, before shrinking back to their original size at night. They are the only organ we know of that oscillate this way.在你醒着的情况下,肝能够不断发展接近一半。

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新的研究觉得,在大白天的情况下,肝有工作能力不断发展近50%,随后在晚间则不容易松掉到详细规格。肝是大家所告知到的唯一一个能够那样转变的人体器官。

3. The root cause of eczema has finally been identified. Scientists have tracked down a series of proteins and molecular pathways that lead to this insufferable skin problem, revealing that the protein filaggrin isnt the sole culprit we thought it was.皮肤湿疹的直接原因最终得到 确认。生物学家查出来了一系列蛋白和分子结构引起这类让人无法忍受的肌肤问题的方式,并觉得丝单个蛋白质并不是唯一的元凶,而大家以往终究那样强调的。4. We were wrong - the testes are connected to the immune system after all. Researchers have discovered a very small door that allows the testes to send one-way signals to the immune system, and it could explain why some men struggle with infertility, and why certain cancer vaccines keep failing.大家拢了——最终男性睾丸還是与人体免疫系统有关系的。研究工作人员找到“一扇十分小的门”使男性睾丸能够向人体免疫系统发送至单边数据信号,这表明了为何一些男士不容易被不孕不育症所并发症,也表明了一些癌病预苗依然结束的缘故。

5. The causes of hair loss and greying are linked, and for the first time, scientists have identified the cells responsible.皮肤炎症和头发变黑的缘故是涉及到的,生物学家初次确认了答复刑事追究的体细胞。6. A brand new human organ has been classified. Researchers have given the nod to the mesentery - an organ thats been hiding in plain sight in our digestive system this whole time. But thats only half the story, because were still not sure exactly what it does.一种全新升级的人体器官被分类了。研究工作人员完全同意为肠系膜分类,这类人体器官好像依然隐敝在大家的消化道中。但这仅仅在其中的一方面,由于大家还不确定它到底是啥。

7. An unexpected new lung function has been found. Researchers have found that lungs dont just facilitate respiration - they also play a key role in blood production, with the ability to produce more than 10 million platelets (tiny blood cells) per hour. That equates to the majority of platelets in circulation at any given moment.肺的一项车祸事故作用被找到。研究工作人员寻找肺某种意义能提高光合作用,在肝部层面也起主导作用,肺每钟头能生产制造1000多万元血细胞(细微的红细胞),这相当于一切特殊時刻循环系统中的血细胞的大部分。8. Your appendix might not be a useless evolutionary byproduct after all. Unlike your wisdom teeth, your appendix might actually be serving an important biological function - and one that our species isnt ready to give up just yet.你的阑尾终究有可能并不是一个不必要的演变副产品。你的阑尾不象阻生齿那般,实际上它有可能充分运用着最重要的分子生物学作用,恰好如今人们都还没准备好撤出阑尾的这类作用。

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9. The brain literally starts eating itself when it doesnt get enough sleep. Chronic sleep deprivation causes the clearing process that usually happens when we sleep to kick into hyperdrive, prompting the brain to clear a huge amount of neurons and synaptic connections away.当大脑没得到 充份休眠模式时,它显而易见就刚开始自噬了。在大家睡的情况下,“清除”程序流程一般来说就不容易起动,但长时间缺乏睡眠质量中不容易使该程序流程正处在高速运行情况,促使大脑清除很多神经细胞相接和神经细胞相接。10. Neuroscientists have discovered a whole new role for the brains cerebellum. Its long been assumed that the cerebellum functions largely outside the realm of conscious awareness, coordinating basic physical activities like standing and breathing, but it could actually play a key role in shaping human behaviour.中枢神经系统生物学家找到丘脑的一项全新升级作用。

一直以来大家依然强调丘脑大部分与观念判断力等主题活动涉及,它的关键具有是商议两脚、大便等基础的人体主题活动,殊不知,本质上丘脑在危害人们不负责任上也充分运用着最重要具有。11. Our gut bacteria are messing with us in ways we could never have imagined. New research has revealed that neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinsons might actually start out in the gut, rather than the brain, and theres mounting evidence that the human microbiome could be to blame for chronic fatigue syndrome. With gut bacteria showing signs of controlling our appetite, changing our brain structure, and triggering brain lesions that could lead to strokes, our tiny passengers are a force to be reckoned with.肠道细菌因此以大家想像接近的方法阻拦着大家。

新的研究觉得,像帕金森病综合征等神经系统退行性疾病本质上有可能始自肠胃,而不是大脑。更为多的直接证据说明,漫性疲倦综合症有可能要归因于人体内的微生物群系。

伴随着肠道细菌说明出有操控胃口及其变化大脑构造的征兆,并且有引起大脑损伤而导致脑中风的展示出,大家的这一小匆匆过客(肠道细菌)具备不可忽视的能量。


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